Lar is the central city of Larestan County in Fars province.
In the 2006 census, it had 12,891 families with a population of 51,961. The people of Lar are predominantly Muslim.
The city was originally called ‘Lad’ after the person who established the city. A person by the same name is also one of the famous heroes of Ferdowsi’s epic poetry book Shahnameh.
Around 16th and 17th centuries, Lar was considered a major stop along the road leading to Persian Gulf, Irantourism.com wrote.
The outstanding feature of Larestan and its central city Lar is the people’s dialect. The vocabulary of the Lari (also referred to as Achomi or Ajami) dialect holds many words in common with Persian.
However, the syntax is considerably different from the current Persian language. Some believe that the Lari dialect is based on an older dialect that survived the impact of Arabic on Old Persian.
Larestani is derived from the medieval Iranian language Pahlavi, the language of the Parthians, which is also the source of Modern Persian and all other dialects in the southwest branch of the Iranian language group.
The name Pahlavi was applied to a number of different dialects spoken in a vast area extending from Ctesiphon in modern-day Iraq to the southern coast of Persian Gulf. The area corresponds to the greater Pars province.
In its widest extent, Pahlavi is applied to all the varying forms of the medieval Persian language, from the time when the grammatical inflexions of ancient Persian were dropped till the invention of the modern alphabet.
The language became corrupted into Modern Persian with the adoption of numerous Arabic words and phrases.
Larestani has kept lots of words from Pahlavi and grammatical peculiarities that distinguish it from its sister Modern Persian.
There is considerably less Arabic influence in the diction of Lari than there is in Modern Persian, suggesting that Lari descends from a purer Iranian tongue. Arabic words have mostly been imported indirectly by the influence of Modern Persian.
Certain grammatical properties of Lari are also found in other Iranian languages such as Lori and also in more distanced languages such as Gilaki and Kurdish, both of which are included in the northwest branch of Iranian languages.
Another important feature of Larestani is that it has kept it strong ties with Old Persian. This is perhaps due to the fact that being a local language there is less need to be dynamic, less need for development and less need for interaction with other local languages.
Larestani is an oral language and has a small body of literature. Written and official language has always been Modern Persian.
New and Old Cities
Lar is divided into two areas: the new city called Shahr-e Jadid and old city called Shahr-e Qadim.
The new city, which was established after the earthquake of 1960, now accommodates the main population and is considered to be modern in terms of civil and transport engineering.
However, the residents of Lar are tradition bound and observe their customs religiously.
The local men and women largely dress in their traditional costumes.
The old city contains the Bazaar of Qaisariyeh, a pre-Safavid dynasty creation, which was proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on August 9, 2007.
Balangestan is a garden and castle about 8 kilometers north of Fedagh that boasts of good weather.
Fedagh is one of the attractive villages of Larestan County.
Balangestan is a noted tourist attraction with a service station, recreational area for picnics and tourist amenities.
Mount Balangestan is a continuation of the south Zagros Mountain Range. It is one of the tallest mountains of Larestan.
Trees and plants such as lotus, Persian turpentine tree, garden thyme and pennyroyal grow on the mountain, which are irrigated by a local spring. The mountain also hosts animals like hyena, wolf, porcupine and rabbit.
Health Tourism Firms Planned
Health tourism companies will be established in Tehran in the near future.
Announcing this, Fereidoun Mohammadi, the deputy head of Tehran Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department, said companies will be launched with the aim of attracting more medical tourists to the country.
He said tourists from neighboring countries, including Iraq and Afghanistan, are considered the main customers of Iran’s medical tourism.
“We have planned to hold exhibitions in target countries to introduce Iran’s medical services and increase the number of arrivals,” he said.
The official said Iran offers high quality medical service, as it has gained many achievements in the field.
The official said spas, hydrotherapy centers, mud therapy centers and aromatherapy centers will be expanded, based on the plan to promote health tourism in Tehran.
Most complicated surgeries in the world such as brain surgery and marrow transplant are now conducted by Iranian medical experts.
Iran is the first country in the Middle East to cure 99 percent of infertility cases.
The cost of medical services is cheaper in Iran compared to those in European countries.
Funds for Tree Planting Programs
About 330 kilometers of the country’s roads will be lined by plants by the end of the current Iranian year (ending March 19).
Announcing this, Hussein Mahboubi, the secretary of National Tree Planting Plan, said 80 billion rials have been allocated for the project.
“About 200,000 trees will be planted by the yearend,” he said.
Mahboubi said trees have been planted alongside a stretch of 3,200 kilometers in the past few years.
“More than 2.75 million trees were planted in previous programs,” he said.
The official said Golestan province has taken a big share of tree planting in the country.
“About 50,000 trees were planted in Golestan province in previous programs,” he said, adding that about 500 kilometers of the provincial roads were lined by trees.
Tree planting programs are held worldwide, as one of the major problems now causing concerns are climate change and global warming.
Trees can help reduce pollutions and play an important role in boosting people’s morale and spirit.
I saw a dervish who placed his head upon the threshold of the Ka’bah and said:
O Forgiving, O Merciful one, thou knowest what an unrighteous, ignorant man can offer to thee.
I have craved pardon for the deficiency of my service
Because I can implore no reward for my obedience.
Sinners repent for their transgressions
Mystics ask forgiveness for their imperfect worship.
Devotees desire a reward for their obedience and merchants the price of their wares
But I, who am a worshipper, have brought hope and not obedience.
I have come to beg and not to trade.
Deal with me as thou deemest fit.
Whether thou killest me or forgivest my crime,
My face and head are on thy threshold.
A slave has nothing to command; whatever thou commandest I obey.
I saw a mendicant at the door of the Ka’bah who said this and wept abundantly:
I ask not for the acceptance of my service
But for drawing the pen of pardon over my sins.
Meat, 250 grams cut up into tiny pieces
Potato, 2 small/medium (or 1 large) cut into little squares
Tomatoes, 5 medium cut into little pieces
Rice, 4 cups rinse in warm water, soak and add some salt
Oil and/or butter for frying
Tomato paste, 1 tablespoon
Turmeric, 1 teaspoon
Salt/pepper to taste
Chopped onion, 4 tablespoons
Saute the onions in oil or butter in a pot and once tender, add the meat. Add turmeric, salt and pepper.
After about 5 minutes of stirring the stew meat, go ahead and add a cup or a cup and a half of water. Add the tomato paste and allow the stew to cook on low heat until the water evaporates (the stew will be thickened).
Note: If you are using more stew meat, then you will need to add more onions, oil, water and tomato paste.
Once the stew is close to completion, go ahead and fry the potatoes in oil and place aside.
In a larger pot for making the Estamboli Polo, pour in your rice and add enough water till an inch of water stands over the rice. Add a cup of water to your tomatoes and pour them on top of the rice. At this point, there may be 4 centimeters of water over the rice.
Add about 4 tablespoons of oil and a little more salt (if you didn’t add much salt to your rice). If you did not presoak your rice prior to this, it is a good idea to leave the contents of the pot as is for at least half an hour to allow the rice to soak.
Place the pot on medium heat and allow the rice to cook and the water to evaporate. If you do not have enough water in your pot and the rice is not fully cooked, you may need to add a little bit more until the rice is tender.
When the water evaporates, you may add some butter. Then pour in potatoes and the stew and stir it around a bit. Put a towel or a thick piece of cloth over the lid and allow it to steam.
After about 15 minutes (steam should be leaving the pot from the sides), you may reduce the temperature and allow the pot to stay on the stove for an hour and a half.
Health Benefits of Tomato
Tomatoes act like a natural antiseptic and hence protects from infections.
Nicotinic acid present in tomatoes help reduce blood cholesterol levels and prevent heart disorders.
Vitamin K in tomatoes help prevent hemorrhages.
Tomatoes contain the red pigment lycopene that acts as a powerful antioxidant, which fight cancer cells.
Daily consumption of tomatoes decreases the oxidative stress in Type 2 diabetes.
Tomatoes also help reduce the risk of developing hypertension.
Vitamin A in tomato aids in preventing macular degeneration and night blindness and in improving vision.
Hotel for Semnan
A 4-star hotel will be built in the city of Semnan, Semnan province, in the next three years to facilitate tourism in one of the most ancient provinces of Iran.